Category Archive Unani & Ayurvedic Medicine (A-Z)

Sarpagandha or Indian Snakeroot

Sarpagandha or Indian Snakeroot is an effective medicinal herb in traditional medicines. It is one of the most famous herbs in Ayurveda due to its powerful medicinal values to treat various diseases. The root of Sarpagandha has been used as an effective remedy for hypertension since ancient times. The root of this plant is similar to a snake, so it is called snakeroot.

The Indian snakeroot contains many effective chemical compounds that help to treat many health conditions, and it provides several health benefits. The Sarpagandha root is also an effective remedy for treating snake bites and other insect bites.

The root powder is used to treat various diseases such as insomnia, nervous system-related diseases, mental disorders like maniacal behavior, convulsions, aggressive behavior, excessive talking, etc. The combination of Sarpagandha and Jatamansi provides better results for mental disorders and also calms the central nervous system, reducing aggression, anxiety, and irritability.

General Description of Sarpagandha

Sarpagandha is a flowering plant that is native to East Asia and Indian Subcontinent areas. Sarpagandha belongs to the milkweed family Apocynaceae, and it is botanically known as Rauwolfia Serpentina. It is an evergreen perennial undershrub that commonly grows in shady forests. It grows up to 5 feet in height, and it contains very lengthy roots that go very deep under the soil and doesn’t have any branches.

The stems are covered with thick bark, and it blossoms flowers in the winter month. The flowers are pink or white in color, and the fruit of this plant is very small that is green in color, and it turns to purple-black when ripened. The root of the plant plays a major role in treating various diseases.

It contains many bioactive constituents such as alkaloids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, tannins, phlorotannins, saponins, glycosides, phenols, terpenes, and resins. Sarpagandha has a bitter taste and its powerful medicinal properties help to treat high blood pressure, mental problems cleanse your body, and calms your mind. It balances three doshas in your body

Common Names of Sarpagandha 

Botanical Name: Rauwolfia Serpentina
English Name: Indian Snakeroot
Tamil Name: Sarpagandha
Malayalam Name: Amalpori
Telugu Name: Dumprasna
Kannada Name: Sarpaghandi, Chandrika
Hindi Name: Sarpagandha
Marathi Name: Adkayi
Bengali Name: Chandra
Gujarati Name: Amelpodi

Rauwolfia Serpentina Calssification

Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Gentianales
Family: Apocynaceae
Genus: Rauwolfia
Species: Serpentina

Medicinal Properties of Sarpagandha

  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-anxiety
  • Antimicrobial
  • Antidiuretic
  • Antifungal
  • Antihypertensive
  • Anti-proliferative
  • Antipsychotic
  • Anthelmintic
  • Anticholinergic
  • Sedative
  • Hypnotic

Health Benefits & Medicinal Values of Sarpagandha

The Sarpagandha roots are used to treat various diseases with its effective compounds. It helps to calm your nervous system, decrease anxiety, and aggressive behavior.

It is an effective remedy to treat high blood pressure, insomnia, diarrhea, mental disorders, whooping cough, dysmenorrhea, headache, breathing difficulties, snakebite, etc. in Ayurveda. Thus, it is the most famous medicinal herb in all fields.

1] Treats High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Sarpagandha root powder is an effective remedy to decrease and control high blood pressure. Hypertension may occur due to sleeplessness, heart-related diseases, and overconsumption of alcohol. The alkaloid present in Sarpagandha root contains Reserpine that has sedative effects. It helps to effectively reduce the level of catecholamines in the heart and androgenic nerves.

Catecholamines are a group of hormones such as dopamine, noradrenaline, and epinephrine. According to studies, it is found that the roots of Sarpagandha have the capacity to reduce both systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

The RESERPINE  present in Sarpagandha roots also helps to decrease the level of blood pressure. It decreases the promulgation of the nerve impulses that occur in postsynaptic nerve cells due to the reduction of neurotransmitters.

This reduction is the reason for the control of the sympathetic nerve function that reduces your heart rate and arterial blood pressure. Thus, it decreases the high blood pressure.

Ayurveda recommends the raw form of Sarpagandha like whole root powder or powder tablet than its extract to get more effective results. The whole herb works significantly to maintain the level of blood pressure. Therefore, Sarpagandha is known as universal medicine to reduce high blood pressure.

2] Acts as Antioxidants

Sarpagandha contains a huge amount of powerful antioxidants that help to fight against the damages of free radicals in your body.

According to researchers, there is an increased chance of linking the generation of free radicals with the diseases. The free radicals may cause stress on your body parts and lead to degradation in your body, so it causes various diseases.

The antioxidants present in Sarpagandha is an effective remedy that helps to prevent free radicals. The extract of Sarpagandha root contains free radical scavenging activity that clears all the free radicals in your body.

3] Treats Insomnia

Insomnia is a kind of sleeping disorder that occurs commonly in many people due to obstructed sleep. It is caused by the degradation of Vata dosha.

The hypnotic properties of Sarpagandha help to stimulate sleep. There are two types of insomnia, such as short-term and chronic. Short-term insomnia affects 20% of people that lasts 3-4 months, and chronic insomnia affects 10% of people. Sarpagandha helps to calm your mind and reduces anxiety.

4] Treats Dysmenorrhea (Painful Periods)

Many women face pain during menstrual periods but it is a common problem. Sarpagandha is an effective remedy to decrease pain during menstrual periods.

It decreases cramps and throbbing pain by regulating the blood flow during the menstrual period. The analgesic property of Sarpagandha works significantly to reduce pain.

To get better results, consume Sarpagandha root powder with the combination of Jatamansi root powder. Consume 1 gm of this mixture along with water two times per day for 2-3 days.

5] Treats Gastrointestinal Problems

Sarpagandha contains effective properties, acidic smell, strong bitter taste, so it helps to treat gastrointestinal diseases like anorexia, worms, and abdominal pain.

It acts as an appetizer, so it cures abdominal pain by increasing appetite. Consume Sarpagandha, along with milk that eliminates Vata doshas. It is also used in loss of appetite due to its digestive and anthelmintic properties.

6] Treats Mental Disorders

Sarpagandha is an effective herb widely used in Ayurveda and many traditional medicines since ancient times to treat mental diseases.

Due to the antipsychotic, anti-anxiety, hypnotic, and sedative properties, Sarpagandha helps to treat various diseases such as sleeplessness, aggression, running, beating, crying, etc.

Sarpagandha is also used to treat anxiety and running. The extracts of Sarpagandha roots contain the capacity to reduce restlessness, tension, etc.

According to many studies, the regular consumption of Sarpagandha significantly decreases the symptoms of mental illness and other mental disorders.

The combination of Sarpagandha and Jatamansi provides effective treatment for various mental disorders. Consume 1 gm of this mixture two times per day along with cow’s milk.

7] Manages Diabetes

Diabetes is a common disease in many people that occurs due to the imbalance of glucose metabolism. Diabetes may lead to dyslipidemia and cardiovascular problems such as arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis.

According to studies, Sarpagandha not only treats diabetes and also treats many diseases. The hypoglycemic properties of Sarpagandha help to reduce the level of blood sugar.

Sarpagandha also used to reduce blood glucose levels by decreasing body weight and sugar levels in hemoglobin.

Diabetes slows down the blood flow that may lead to plaque build-up and atherosclerosis. The extracts of Sarpagandha provide great relief for all these conditions.

8] Treats Fever

Sarpagandha is used to provide great relief from high-grade fever. High-grade fever may lead to irritability, hallucinations, convulsions, and confusion.

Sarpagandha is a perfect remedy for treating and preventing fever and disorders associated with fever. The alkaloids compound present in Sarpagandha helps to cure high-grade fever effectively.

Consume 500 mg of Sarpagandha powder along with coconut water or rose water three times per day. Sarpagandha is one of the effective natural remedies for fever.

9] Prevents Heart Diseases

Heart diseases are increasing day by day in the current century due to stress, lifestyle, food habits, etc. Sarpagandha is a traditional medicine widely used to treat many heart-related diseases.

According to studies, the extract of Sarpagandha helps to prevent coronary artery disease and decreases angina symptoms.

Generally, heart diseases may occur due to high cholesterol and high blood pressure, but Sarpagandha is an effective remedy for treating both of these diseases. As we mentioned above, Sarpagandha acts as a hypertensive agent and reduces the level of high blood pressure effectively.

Many studies found that Sarpagandha reduces bad cholesterol from your body and improves good cholesterol. Therefore, it prevents cardiovascular diseases.

10] Treats Anxiety

Anxiety is considered as a serious problem by many people because that may lead to many serious conditions. Sarpagandha provides effective treatment for those who suffer from anxiety. Studies found that powerful antioxidants present in Sarpagandha help to cure anxiety.

Sarpagandha contains numerous powerful antioxidants that provide great relief from tension and other disorders related to anxiety.

11] Treats Dysentery

Sarpagandha helps to reduce dysentery and cures constipation that occurs due to headaches and hypertension.

Edema is a condition of excessive water flow of your body. Consume 250 mg of Sarpagandha powder along with  Kutajarishta three times per day that effectively cures dysentery. It decreases the frequency of loose stool and relieves pain.

12] Treats Cholera

Many people considered that Cholera might occur due to the consumption of contaminated food and water, but bacteria play a major role in cholera.

Cholera occurs not only due to this, and also occurs even in people who eat antimicrobial foods. Sarpagandha contains effective anti-microbial and antifungal properties that help to treat cholera.

13] Cures Uterine Pain 

Sarpagandha helps to relieve the uterine pain due to miscarriage effectively. It contracts the uterus and removes toxins from your body and residues from the uterine.

It relaxes your uterine muscles, controls bleeding, and decreases pain. Consume 500 mg of Sarpagandha powder three times per day for two days or consume 250 mg three times per day for an extra three days.

14] Treats Snakebite

Sarpagandha is an effective remedy for treating snakebites in Ayurveda. Not only for snakebites but also treats various insect bites, and animal bites.

The leaves and root of Sarpagandha is effectively used in many rural areas for treating snake and insect bites. Externally, it can be applied as a paste on the bitten area along with milk. Internally, it can be taken with the black pepper as a decoction.

Drink this decoction on regular intervals within 24 hours and after that, consume 500 mg of Sarpagandha powder with honey three times per day for 5-10 days to relieve the poison completely.

15] Treats Cancer

Sarpagandha helps to provide effective treatment for breast cancer. According to many researches and studies, consuming Sarpagandha decreases the symptoms of breast cancer in many patients due to its powerful medicinal values.

Medicinal Uses of Sarpagandha

  • The roots of Sarpagandha is an effective remedy for treating hypertension, and it reduces high blood pressure.
  • The leaves, roots, and bark of this herb are used as an effective remedy for treating snake bites and other insect bites in Ayurveda and other folk medicines.
  • Drinking the decoction of Sarpagandha helps to improve uterine contractions during delivery and used to treat pain in the bowel.
  • It is effectively used to cure various mental disorders such as insomnia, schizophrenia, seizures, bipolar disorder, epilepsy, and sleeping problems.
  • The powder of Sarpagandha roots used to treat chronic fevers, joint pains, and gout. The paste can be applied to decrease the inflammation and pain in joints.
  • It is an effective remedy to treat rheumatic. Sarpagandha contains powerful anti-inflammatory properties that help to decrease excessive inflammation in your body.
  • The anti-bacterial property of Sarpagandha fights against microbes causes various infections.
  • The combination of Sarpagandha is used to treat bleeding diarrhea.
  • It is an excellent medicine to treat various skin diseases such as rashes, eczema, inflammation, boils, skin irritation, itching, etc.
  • Sarpagandha helps to regulate menstruation cycles and increases the flow and volume of bleeding menstruation. For men, it helps to prevent premature ejaculation.
  • Sarpagandha is also an effective remedy to constipation and digestive system-related diseases.
  • Consuming the mixture of Sarpagandha and Cissampelos pareira with water two times per day for five days helps to cure malaria.

Dosage of Sarpagandha

The general dosage of Sarpagandha root powder described in below

Children 100 mg to 300 mg *
Adults 200 mg to 600 mg *
Maximum Possible Dosage 2 grams Per Day (in divided doses)

Consume Sarpagandha root powder along with rose water, cow’s milk, or water two or three times per day after food.

Dosage of Sarpagandha for Hypertension

The dosage of Sarpagandha root powder in mild to moderate hypertension.

Prehypertension (Systolic blood pressure 120-139 & Diastolic blood pressure 80-89) Not compulsory, Diet management is highly recommended than medicine.
Stage 1 hypertension (Systolic blood pressure 140-159 & Diastolic blood pressure 90-99) 200 to 400 mg
Stage 2 hypertension (Systolic blood pressure ≥ 160 & Diastolic blood pressure ≥ 100) 400 to 600 mg root

Consume this along with rose water, cow’s milk or water once or twice per day. The maximum dosage shouldn’t increase more than 2 grams based on the severity of the condition. It provides effective treatment even in low dosage. Follow this medicine at least 2 weeks continuously to get better results.

Dosage of Sarpagandha & Khurasani Ajwain

Sarpagandha combined with other herbs to control blood pressure in Ayurveda. It is a perfect combination to provide great results for hypertension, bloating, insomnia, flatulence, poor appetite, and dysmenorrhea.

Rauwolfia Serpentina Root Powder (Sarpagandha Churna) 1 Part
Khurasani Ajwain 1 Part
Jatamansi Root Powder 1 Part
Misri (Sugar) 2 Parts

Consume one gm of this mixture two times per day along with rose water, cow’s milk, or water 2 hours before sleeping.

Dosage of Sarpagandha for Insomnia

Rauwolfia Serpentina Root Powder (Sarpagandha Churna) 1 Part
Khurasani Ajwain 1 Part
Misri (Sugar) 2 Parts

Consume one gm of this medicine two times per day along with rose water 2 hours before sleeping.

Side Effects of Sarpagandha

Sarpagandha provides effective treatment for many diseases without causing side effects in the proper dosage. It may also cause few side effects when you take overdosage or a short period of treatment. Thus, you should consult your doctor before taking Sarpagandha. Sarpagandha can cause the following side effects.

  • Loss of Appetite
  • Stuffy nose or Nasal Congestion
  • Diarrhea
  • Swelling of lower legs
  • Dryness of the mouth
  • Nausea & vomiting

Sarpagandha alkaloids can cause the following side effects.

  • Impotence in men
  • Mental depression
  • Abdominal pain
  • Blood in vomiting
  • Headache
  • Slow heartbeat
  • Itching
  • Trembling
  • Bruising
  • Chest pain
  • Early morning sleeplessness
  • Dizziness
  • Skin Rash
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Black or tarry stools
  • Faintness or Drowsiness
  • Reduced attention span
  • Shortness of breath
  • Difficult or painful urination
  • Stiffness
  • Nervousness
  • Feeling of weakness or loss of energy
  • Nasal congestion
  • Hypersensitivity

Pregnancy

Sarpagandha is unsafe to consume during pregnancy because it can cause unwanted effects and congenital disabilities. According to studies, it affects the health and reduces the survival of newborn babies. For pregnant women, it may cause breathing problems and loss of appetite. These side effects may affect your babies after delivery. Thus, you should avoid Sarpagandha during pregnancy.

Lactation

The alkaloids present in Sarpagandha pass through the breastmilk that may cause side effects. Thus, it is better to avoid all formulations of Sarpagandha for lactating mothers.

It may cause the following side effects on lactating mothers.

  • Breathing Troubles
  • Loss of appetite
  • Low body temperature

Gandhak Rasayan – Uses, Indications, Dosage, Interaction

Gandhak Rasayan (also spelled as Gandhaka Rasayana) is a traditional  ayurvedic mineral-based medicine, which contains detoxified Sulfur processed with herbal juice as the main ingredient.I

Gandhak Rasayan is a great antibacterial, antiviral, and antimicrobial ayurvedic medicine. It is beneficial in almost all types of infections due to its broad-spectrum antibiotic activity.

Ingredients & Composition of Gandhak Rasayan

Shuddha Gandhak or purified/detoxified Sulfur is the main ingredient used in the preparation of Gandhak Rasayan. Gandhak is detoxified using clarified butter (Ghee) before using it in preparation of Gandhak Rasayan. Then it is processed with Cow’s Milk. After that, it is again processed with following herbal decoctions and juices separately.

  • Chaturjat decoction
  • Haritaki (Harad) – It is used as an anti-allergic and anti-fungal medicine that helps treat various skin problems such as rashes allergy, itching etc.
  • Shuddha Gandhak – It contains amino acid which plays a vital role in the formation of antibodies, cells protein, and tissues. It also helps in blood purification and to treat skin diseases such as eczema, pimples and more.
  • Giloy (Guduchi) – It has blood purifying properties and helps in removing endotoxins from the body; hence it improves the skin complexion.
  • Amla – It is one of the richest sources of vitamin C. It helps in nourishing the skin and scalp. It also acts a blood purifier and improves the skin complexion.
  • Bahera – It has all the antibacterial properties which are helpful in treating various skin ailments.

Chaturjat contains cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum), Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), tejpat (Malabar leaf or Cinnamomum tamala) and Nagakesara (Mesua ferrea).

  • Giloy (Tinospora cordifolia) Decoction
  • Haritaki (Terminalia chebula) Decoction
  • Amla (Indian Gooseberry or Phyllanthus emblica) Decoction
  • Vibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica) Decoction
  • Ginger (Zingiber Officinale ) rhizome juice
  • Bhringraj (Eclipta alba) juice

Some companies also add sugar after processing with above herbal decoctions and juices.

Medicinal Properties of Gandhak Rasayan

Gandhak Rasayan has the following healing properties.

Primary Action

  • Antibacterial
  • Antimicrobial
  • Antiviral
  • Broad spectrum Antibiotic
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Demulcent
  • Antipruritics

Secondary Action

  • Anthelmintic
  • Digestive stimulant (mild effects)
  • Aphrodisiac
  • Anti-leprosy
  • Antioxidant
  • Antipyretic (mild effects)
  • Analgesic (reduces tenderness and pain of soft tissues)
  • Adaptogenic
  • Blood purifier

Therapeutic Indications of Gandhak Rasayan

Gandhak Rasayan is helpful in following health conditions.

Skin & Hairs

  • Itching and burning sensation (due to any underlying pathology)
  • Urticaria or hives and angioedema
  • Eczema
  • Psoriasis
  • Leprosy (as a supportive therapy and cannot work alone)
  • Boils
  • Scabies
  • Acne or pimples
  • Dandruff
  • Fungal infections of scalp
  • Ring worm

Lungs & Airways

  • Upper respiratory tract infections
  • Rhino-sinusitis or Purulent discharge from nose
  • Breathing trouble associated with bacterial infections of respiratory system

Teeth & Gums

  • Pyorrhea
  • Pain in gums
  • Inflammatory disorders of gums (Gingivitis and Periodontitis)

Men’s Health

  • Infertility or oligospermia due to pus in seminal fluid

Overall

  • Acne – This special herbal formulation helps to reduce acne and acne scars on the skin surface. It prevents the acne from coming back. It has antibacterial and anti fungal properties.
  • Leprosy – It is a very dangerous disease especially if left unrelieved. Children are more likely to get the disease then adults. These tablets help to reduce sores on the skin.
  • Ringworm – It helps to reduce the infection caused by ringworm. Ringworm can attack the hair as well as nails.
  • Scabies – It reduces the itching caused by the bacteria. It reduces the little red bumps caused by the disease.
  • Blood Impurities – It helps to flush away toxins from the skin. It helps to enhance the immune system.

Benefits & Medicinal Uses of Gandhak Rasayan

Gandhak Rasayan works well in all health conditions with a common symptom of burning sensation. It is beneficial in diseases such as urinary tract infections, burning sensation in hands and feet, burning sensation in the skin, itching, burning sensation of tongue, etc. The main medicinal uses and benefits of Gandhak Rasayan are discussed as follows.

Urticaria or hives and angioedema

A small red spot occurs on the skin due to an allergic reaction to allergens. It causes itching and sometimes burning sensation on the skin. Gandhak Rasayan is a drug of choice in Ayurveda for this condition. However, sometimes, it may not work alone, so your doctor may also suggest other remedies including Jasad bhasma and Haridra Khand. If burning becomes worse, then Giloy Satva, Praval Pishti, Moti Pishti, and Mukta Sukti Pishi Should be added.

Scabies

Internally, Gandhak Rasayan helps to eliminate itching and scabies rashes. However, you also require local application of neem oil or neem leaves and turmeric (Curcuma Longa) paste to get rid of this infection.

Acne and pimples

Gandhak Rasayan reduces acne and pimples. It helps by purifying blood, eliminating blockage, stopping secondary infections. Generally, it is used along with Shankh bhasma and Mukta Sukti Bhasma or Pishti.

Dosage of Gandhak Rasayan

The dosage of Gandhak Rasayan can vary according to age, health condition and several other factors. The safest dosage of Gandhak Rasayan is around 250 mg to 500 mg twice or thrice a day.

Supplementary Dosage 125 to 250 mg
Therapeutic Dosage 125 to 1000 grams
Safest dosage 125 to 500 mg
Maximum Daily Dosage Up to 2 grams

Caution & Side Effects of Gandhak Rasayan

Gandhak Rasayan is POSSIBLY SAFE if prepared strictly according to ayurvedic principles. Changes in preparation methods or eating raw sulfur can lead a variety of adverse effects.

The excess dosage (more than 2 grams a day) of Gandhak Rasayan can cause the following side effects.

Interaction with Food

Following food items should be avoided while administering Gandhak Rasayan:

  • Excessively sour food items
  • Excess salt
  • Pitta aggravating diet and routines
  • Coitus
  • Dicotyledons
  • Excessively alkaline foods and medicines
  • Excess green leafy vegetables

Pregnancy & Breastfeeding

No information is available about the safety and efficacy of Gandhak Rasayan in pregnancy and breastfeeding. Therefore, stay on safer side and avoid using Gandhak Rasayan in pregnancy and breastfeeding or consult your family physician or ayurvedic doctor before use.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1) Can I consume Gandhak Rasayan along with alcohol?

Ans: No, consuming Gandhak Rasayan with alcohol may lead to severe side effects.

2) What are the components of Gandhak Rasayan?

Ans: The main active ingredient of Gandhak Rasayan is Gandhak which is a traditional ayurvedic herb and has been used in India since ancient times. Other ingredients present in the medicine are haritaki, gandhak, Amalaki, and bahrea, detoxified ghee, ginger and bhringraj.

3) What are the storage requirements for Gandhak Rasayan?

Ans: Following are the storage requirements of Gandhak Rasayan:

  • The shelf life of Gandhak Rasayan is 10 years therefore; it can be kept at room temperature.
  • The medicine must be kept away from the reach of children and pets

4) How long do I need to administer Gandhak Rasayan till I see improvement in my condition?

Ans: A person may see improvement in his/her condition depending upon the way their body responds to the medicine. However, a person may witness improvement within 1 month of regular administration of the medicine.

5) How many times do I need to administer Gandhak Rasayan in a day?

Ans: The most commonly prescribed dosage for Gandhak Rasayan is 2-3gms a day.

6) Is Gandhak Rasayan safe to be consumed by lactating mothers?

Ans: Yes, Gandhak Rasayan can be administered by lactating women in low doses.  The doctor may prescribe this medicine so as to increase the strength of the uterus and the lower back.

7) Is Gandhak Rasayan safe to be administered to children?

Ans: The medicine must not be administered to infants, but the children above the age of 5 years can be given this medicine in low doses.

8) Is Gandhak Rasayan safe to be consumed by pregnant women?

Ans: No, Gandhak Rasayan is not considered safe to be consumed by pregnant women. The medicine may be administered by pregnant women only if deemed absolutely necessary by a doctor.

11) Do I need to avoid particular food items while administering Gandhak Rasayan?

Ans: No, Gandhak Rasayan does not interact with any food items, hence there is no need to avoid particular food items while administering this medicine. However, the doctor may ask the patient to avoid the consumption of certain food products depending upon the medical condition.

12) Can I consume Gandhak Rasayan to relieve mental stress without referring to a doctor?

Ans: Yes, you can consume Gandhak Rasayan to relieve mental stress without consulting a doctor . Gandhak Rasayan is an Ayurvedic medicine which helps to treat anxiety and depression. However, it is strongly recommended that the patients consult a doctor prior to administering the medicine.

13) Can Gandhak Rasayan be prescribed to cure pimples?

Ans: Yes, Gandhak Rasayan can be prescribed to cure pimples.

14) Can Gandhak Rasayan be prescribed for the treatment of arthritis?

Ans: Yes, Gandhak Rasayan can be prescribed for the treatment of arthritis. The medicine has anti-inflammatory properties which make it a suitable medicine to alleviate inflammation from the joints and muscles.

15) Can Gandhak Rasayan be prescribed for the treatment of depression?

Ans: Yes, Gandhak Rasayan can be prescribed for the treatment of depression.

16) Is it safe to drive after consuming Gandhak Rasayan tablets?

Ans: No, it is not safe to drive after the consumption of Gandhak Rasayan. The consumption of this medicine may cause a slight sedative effect.

17) Should I administer Gandhak Rasayan before or after having a meal?

Ans: Gandhak Rasayan can be consumed after food. However, the patients are advised to follow the instructions given by the doctor on how to consume the medicine.

18) Does this medicine have a habit-forming tendency?

Ans: No, the medicine does have any habit-forming tendencies.

19) What will happen if overdose on Gandhak Rasayan?

Ans: Overdosing on Gandhak Rasayanmay lead to severe side effects. If an overdose is suspected, patients must immediately visit a doctor.

20) What are the common side effects associated with Gandhak Rasayan?

Ans: The common side effects associated with Gandhak Rasayan are –

  • Bloating
  • Loose stool

21) Is Gandhak Rasayan available as an over-the-counter medicine?

Ans: Yes, Gandhak Rasayan is an ayurvedic medicine which can be purchased without a prescription from a doctor.

22) Can I take Gandhak Rasayan along with other allopathic medicines?

Ans: Consuming allopathic medicines may cause severe drug interactions therefore, consumption of both type of medicines together must be avoided.  A person may consume both the drugs together only if prescribed by a doctor.

23) Can I immediately stop the consumption of this medicine as soon as I see improvement in my conditions?

Ans: No, it is not advisable to abruptly stop or alter the dosage of the medicine even if an improvement in the condition is experienced. Leaving the course of medicine in between may not completely cure the condition it has been prescribed for. The doctor must be consulted before stopping the consumption of the medicine as he may prescribe an alternate dose if side effects persist.

25) Can Gandhak Rasayan be prescribed to patients suffering from respiratory disorders?

Ans: Yes, the medicine can be administered to patients suffering fromrespiratory disorders. This is because medicine has antibacterial properties because of which it can help in fighting against the bacterial infections of the respiratory system.

27) Is Gandhak Rasayan a prescription-only drug?

Ans: No, Gandhak Rasayan is not a prescription-only drug. The medicine is generally prescribed for the treatment and prevention of various medical conditions.

28) What are the general precautions and warnings to be followed while taking Gandhak Rasayan?

Ans: Following are the warnings and precautions that must be adhered to while administering Gandhak Rasayan–

  • The patients must inform the doctor about any ongoing medicines and treatment prior to starting the consumption of Gandhak Rasayan.
  • Patients hypersensitive to the ingredients present in Gandhak Rasayan must not consume the medicine as it may lead to severe side effects.
  • Patients are advised not to take the medicine with certain food items to avoid adverse effects.

Amygdalin; Food Source, Health Benefits

Amygdalin is found in almond. Bitter glycoside of the Rosaceae, found especially in kernels of cherries, peaches and apricots. Amygdalin is present in cold-pressed bitter almond oil from the above sources prior to enzymic hydrolysis and steam distillation for food use Amygdalin , C20H27NO11, is a glycoside initially isolated from the seeds of the tree Prunus dulcis, also known as bitter almonds, by Pierre-Jean Robiquet and A. F. Boutron-Charlard in 1803, and subsequently investigated by Liebig and Wohler in 1830, and others. Several other related species in the genus of Prunus, including apricot (Prunus armeniaca) and black cherry (Prunus serotina), also contain amygdalin. It was promoted as a cancer cure by Ernst T. Krebs under the name “Vitamin B17“, but studies have found it to be ineffective. Amygdalin is sometimes confounded with laevomandelonitrile, also called laetrile for short; however, amygdalin and laetrile are different chemical compounds.

Amygdalin is a cyanogenic glucoside isolated from almonds and seeds of other plants of the family Rosaceae. Amygdalin is converted by plant emulsion (a combination of a-glucosidase and a nitrilase) or hydrochloric acid into benzaldehyde, D-glucose, and hydrocyanic acid. (NCI04)

Food Source of Amygdalin

Amygdalin is found in almond. Bitter glycoside of the Rosaceae, found especially in kernels of cherries, peaches and apricots. Amygdalin is present in cold-pressed bitter almond oil from the above sources prior to enzymic hydrolysis and steam distillation for food use Amygdalin , C20H27NO11, is a glycoside initially isolated from the seeds of the tree Prunus dulcis, also known as bitter almonds, by Pierre-Jean Robiquet and A. F. Boutron-Charlard in 1803, and subsequently investigated by Liebig and Wohler in 1830, and others. Several other related species in the genus of Prunus, including apricot (Prunus armeniaca) and black cherry (Prunus serotina), also contain amygdalin. It was promoted as a cancer cure by Ernst T. Krebs under the name “Vitamin B17“, but studies have found it to be ineffective. Amygdalin is sometimes confounded with laevomandelonitrile, also called laetrile for short; however, amygdalin and laetrile are different chemical compounds.

References

Wood Spider; Uses/ Indications, Dosage, Side Effects

Wood Spider/Harpagophytum also called wood spider and most commonly devil’s claw is a genus of plants in the sesame family, native to southern Africa. Plants of the genus owe their common name “devil’s claw” to the peculiar appearance of their hooked fruit. Several species of North American plants in genus Proboscidea and certain species of Pisonia are however also known by this name. Devil’s claw’s tuberous roots are used in folk medicine to reduce pain.

Devil’s Claw, is a genus of tuberiferous xerophytic plants native to southern Africa. Some of the taxa are appreciated for their medicinal effects and have been traditionally used to relieve symptoms of inflammation. The objectives of this pilot study were to investigate the antioxidant capacity and the content of total phenols, verbascoside, is verbascoside, and selected iridoids, as well as to investigate the capacity of various Harpagophytum taxa in suppressing respiratory burst in terms of reactive oxygen species produced by human neutrophils challenged with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), opsonisedStaphylococcus aureus, and Fusobacterium nucleatum. 

Wood Spider

Indications of Devil’s Claw

Devil’s Claw was completely ineffective in reducing edema of the rat hindfoot induced by either lambda-carrageenan or Mycobacterium butyricum. At concentrations of up to 1 x 10(5) microgram/ml, Devil’s Claw was also ineffective as an in-vitro inhibitor of prostaglandin synthetase. These results indicate that Devil’s Claw lacks the anti-inflammatory properties possessed by all antiarthritic drugs of the nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory analgesic type.

  • Preparations of the plant or its extracts, such as harpagoside – [rx] are presumed to have used in folk medicine and phytotherapy as an anti-inflammatory herbal drug or dietary supplement.[rx] Although there is no accepted clinical evidence of its efficacy and bioavailability, limited effects were noted for treating lower back pain and osteoarthritis.[rx] A Cochrane review of clinical research noted that devil’s claw seems to reduce low back pain more than placebo, although evidence was of moderate quality at best.[rx]
  • Back pain Taking devil’s claw by mouth seems to reduce low-back pain. Devil’s claw seems to work about as well as some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
  • Osteoarthritis Taking devil’s claw alone or along with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) seems to help decrease osteoarthritis-related pain. Some evidence suggests that devil’s claw works about as well as diacerein (a slow-acting drug for osteoarthritis that is not available in the U.S.) for improving osteoarthritis pain in the hip and knee after 16 weeks of treatment. Some people taking devil’s claw seem to be able to lower the dose of NSAIDs they need for pain relief.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) Early research suggests that taking devil’s claw extract by mouth might not improve RA.
  • Gout
  • High cholesterol
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle pain
  • Migraine
  • Headache
  • Skin injuries and conditions
  • Upset stomach

Contraindications of Devil’s Claw

Wood Spider

Do not use with antiarrhythmic, chronotropic, or inotropic medicines. Because of the bitterness of the preparation and consequent increase in gastric secretion, devil’s claw is contraindicated in patients with gastric or duodenal ulcers.

Pregnancy/Lactation

Documented oxytocic adverse effects. Avoid use.

Dosage of Devil’s Claw

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

  • For osteoarthritis – 2-2.6 grams of devil’s claw extract has been taken in up to three divided doses daily for up to 4 months. A specific combination product providing 600 mg of devil’s claw, 400 mg of turmeric, and 300 mg of bromelain has been taken 2-3 three times daily for up to 2 months.
  • For back pain – 0.6-2.4 grams of devil’s claw extract has been taken daily, usually in divided doses, for up to 1 year.

Side Effects and Interactions of Devil’s Claw

Devil’s claw appears to be safe when taken in doses up to 2,610 mg daily, though long-term effects have not been investigated [rx].

Reported side effects are mild, the most common being diarrhea. Rarer adverse effects include allergic reactions, headache and coughing (30Trusted Source).

  • Heart problems, high blood pressure, low blood pressure – Since devil’s claw can affect heart rate, heartbeat, and blood pressure, it might harm people with disorders of the heart and circulatory system. If you have one of these conditions, talk with your healthcare provider before starting devil’s claw.
  • Heart disorders – Studies have indicated that devil’s claw can affect heart rate, heartbeat and blood pressure.
  • Diabetes – Devil’s claw may reduce blood sugar levels and intensify the effects of diabetes medications.
  • Gallstones – Use of devil’s claw may increase the formation of bile and make problems worse for those with gallstones.
  • Stomach ulcers – Production of acid in the stomach can increase with the use of devil’s claw, which may aggravate peptic ulcers.
  • NSAIDs – Devil’s claw may slow the absorption of popular NSAIDs, such as Motrin, Celebrex, Feldene and Voltaren.
  • Blood thinners – Devil’s claw may enhance the effects of Coumadin (also known as warfarin), which may lead to increased bleeding and bruising.
  • Stomach acid reducers – Devil’s claw may decrease the effects of stomach acid reducers, such as Pepcid, Zantac, Prilosec, and Prevacid.

This is not an all-inclusive list of medication interactions. To be on the safe side, always discuss your use of supplements with your doctor.

References

Wood Spider

Harpagophytum, Uses/ Indications, Dosage, Side Effect

Harpagophytum also called wood spider and most commonly devil’s claw is a genus of plants in the sesame family, native to southern Africa. Plants of the genus owe their common name “devil’s claw” to the peculiar appearance of their hooked fruit. Several species of North American plants in genus Proboscidea and certain species of Pisonia are however also known by this name. Devil’s claw’s tuberous roots are used in folk medicine to reduce pain.

Devil’s Claw, is a genus of tuberiferous xerophytic plants native to southern Africa. Some of the taxa are appreciated for their medicinal effects and have been traditionally used to relieve symptoms of inflammation. The objectives of this pilot study were to investigate the antioxidant capacity and the content of total phenols, verbascoside, is verbascoside, and selected iridoids, as well as to investigate the capacity of various Harpagophytum taxa in suppressing respiratory burst in terms of reactive oxygen species produced by human neutrophils challenged with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), opsonisedStaphylococcus aureus, and Fusobacterium nucleatum. 

Harpagophytum

Indications of Devil’s Claw

Devil’s Claw was completely ineffective in reducing edema of the rat hindfoot induced by either lambda-carrageenan or Mycobacterium butyricum. At concentrations of up to 1 x 10(5) microgram/ml, Devil’s Claw was also ineffective as an in-vitro inhibitor of prostaglandin synthetase. These results indicate that Devil’s Claw lacks the anti-inflammatory properties possessed by all antiarthritic drugs of the nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory analgesic type.

  • Preparations of the plant or its extracts, such as harpagoside – [rx] are presumed to have used in folk medicine and phytotherapy as an anti-inflammatory herbal drug or dietary supplement.[rx] Although there is no accepted clinical evidence of its efficacy and bioavailability, limited effects were noted for treating lower back pain and osteoarthritis.[rx] A Cochrane review of clinical research noted that devil’s claw seems to reduce low back pain more than placebo, although evidence was of moderate quality at best.[rx]
  • Back pain Taking devil’s claw by mouth seems to reduce low-back pain. Devil’s claw seems to work about as well as some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
  • Osteoarthritis Taking devil’s claw alone or along with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) seems to help decrease osteoarthritis-related pain. Some evidence suggests that devil’s claw works about as well as diacerein (a slow-acting drug for osteoarthritis that is not available in the U.S.) for improving osteoarthritis pain in the hip and knee after 16 weeks of treatment. Some people taking devil’s claw seem to be able to lower the dose of NSAIDs they need for pain relief.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) Early research suggests that taking devil’s claw extract by mouth might not improve RA.
  • Gout
  • High cholesterol
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle pain
  • Migraine
  • Headache
  • Skin injuries and conditions
  • Upset stomach

Contraindications of Devil’s Claw

Harpagophytum

Do not use with antiarrhythmic, chronotropic, or inotropic medicines. Because of the bitterness of the preparation and consequent increase in gastric secretion, devil’s claw is contraindicated in patients with gastric or duodenal ulcers.

Pregnancy/Lactation

Documented oxytocic adverse effects. Avoid use.

Dosage of Devil’s Claw

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

  • For osteoarthritis – 2-2.6 grams of devil’s claw extract has been taken in up to three divided doses daily for up to 4 months. A specific combination product providing 600 mg of devil’s claw, 400 mg of turmeric, and 300 mg of bromelain has been taken 2-3 three times daily for up to 2 months.
  • For back pain – 0.6-2.4 grams of devil’s claw extract has been taken daily, usually in divided doses, for up to 1 year.

Side Effects and Interactions of Devil’s Claw

Devil’s claw appears to be safe when taken in doses up to 2,610 mg daily, though long-term effects have not been investigated [rx].

Reported side effects are mild, the most common being diarrhea. Rarer adverse effects include allergic reactions, headache and coughing (30Trusted Source).

  • Heart problems, high blood pressure, low blood pressure – Since devil’s claw can affect heart rate, heartbeat, and blood pressure, it might harm people with disorders of the heart and circulatory system. If you have one of these conditions, talk with your healthcare provider before starting devil’s claw.
  • Heart disorders – Studies have indicated that devil’s claw can affect heart rate, heartbeat and blood pressure.
  • Diabetes – Devil’s claw may reduce blood sugar levels and intensify the effects of diabetes medications.
  • Gallstones – Use of devil’s claw may increase the formation of bile and make problems worse for those with gallstones.
  • Stomach ulcers – Production of acid in the stomach can increase with the use of devil’s claw, which may aggravate peptic ulcers.
  • NSAIDs – Devil’s claw may slow the absorption of popular NSAIDs, such as Motrin, Celebrex, Feldene and Voltaren.
  • Blood thinners – Devil’s claw may enhance the effects of Coumadin (also known as warfarin), which may lead to increased bleeding and bruising.
  • Stomach acid reducers – Devil’s claw may decrease the effects of stomach acid reducers, such as Pepcid, Zantac, Prilosec, and Prevacid.

This is not an all-inclusive list of medication interactions. To be on the safe side, always discuss your use of supplements with your doctor.

References

Harpagophytum

Devil’s Claw; Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Interactions

Devil’s claw/Harpagophytum also called grapple plantwood spider and most commonly devil’s claw is a genus of plants in the sesame family, native to southern Africa. Plants of the genus owe their common name “devil’s claw” to the peculiar appearance of their hooked fruit. Several species of North American plants in genus Proboscidea and certain species of Pisonia are however also known by this name. Devil’s claw’s tuberous roots are used in folk medicine to reduce pain.

Devil’s Claw, is a genus of tuberiferous xerophytic plants native to southern Africa. Some of the taxa are appreciated for their medicinal effects and have been traditionally used to relieve symptoms of inflammation. The objectives of this pilot study were to investigate the antioxidant capacity and the content of total phenols, verbascoside, is verbascoside, and selected iridoids, as well as to investigate the capacity of various Harpagophytum taxa in suppressing respiratory burst in terms of reactive oxygen species produced by human neutrophils challenged with phorbol myristate acetate (PMA), opsonisedStaphylococcus aureus, and Fusobacterium nucleatum. 

Devil's claw

Indications of Devil’s Claw

Devil’s Claw was completely ineffective in reducing edema of the rat hindfoot induced by either lambda-carrageenan or Mycobacterium butyricum. At concentrations of up to 1 x 10(5) microgram/ml, Devil’s Claw was also ineffective as an in-vitro inhibitor of prostaglandin synthetase. These results indicate that Devil’s Claw lacks the anti-inflammatory properties possessed by all antiarthritic drugs of the nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory analgesic type.

  • Preparations of the plant or its extracts, such as harpagoside – [rx] are presumed to have used in folk medicine and phytotherapy as an anti-inflammatory herbal drug or dietary supplement.[rx] Although there is no accepted clinical evidence of its efficacy and bioavailability, limited effects were noted for treating lower back pain and osteoarthritis.[rx] A Cochrane review of clinical research noted that devil’s claw seems to reduce low back pain more than placebo, although evidence was of moderate quality at best.[rx]
  • Back pain Taking devil’s claw by mouth seems to reduce low-back pain. Devil’s claw seems to work about as well as some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).
  • Osteoarthritis Taking devil’s claw alone or along with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) seems to help decrease osteoarthritis-related pain. Some evidence suggests that devil’s claw works about as well as diacerein (a slow-acting drug for osteoarthritis that is not available in the U.S.) for improving osteoarthritis pain in the hip and knee after 16 weeks of treatment. Some people taking devil’s claw seem to be able to lower the dose of NSAIDs they need for pain relief.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) Early research suggests that taking devil’s claw extract by mouth might not improve RA.
  • Gout
  • High cholesterol
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle pain
  • Migraine
  • Headache
  • Skin injuries and conditions
  • Upset stomach

Contraindications of Devil’s Claw

Devil's claw

Do not use with antiarrhythmic, chronotropic, or inotropic medicines. Because of the bitterness of the preparation and consequent increase in gastric secretion, devil’s claw is contraindicated in patients with gastric or duodenal ulcers.

Pregnancy/Lactation

Documented oxytocic adverse effects. Avoid use.

Dosage of Devil’s Claw

The following doses have been studied in scientific research:

  • For osteoarthritis – 2-2.6 grams of devil’s claw extract has been taken in up to three divided doses daily for up to 4 months. A specific combination product providing 600 mg of devil’s claw, 400 mg of turmeric, and 300 mg of bromelain has been taken 2-3 three times daily for up to 2 months.
  • For back pain – 0.6-2.4 grams of devil’s claw extract has been taken daily, usually in divided doses, for up to 1 year.

Side Effects and Interactions of Devil’s Claw

Devil’s claw appears to be safe when taken in doses up to 2,610 mg daily, though long-term effects have not been investigated [rx].

Reported side effects are mild, the most common being diarrhea. Rarer adverse effects include allergic reactions, headache and coughing (30Trusted Source).

  • Heart problems, high blood pressure, low blood pressure – Since devil’s claw can affect heart rate, heartbeat, and blood pressure, it might harm people with disorders of the heart and circulatory system. If you have one of these conditions, talk with your healthcare provider before starting devil’s claw.
  • Heart disorders – Studies have indicated that devil’s claw can affect heart rate, heartbeat and blood pressure.
  • Diabetes – Devil’s claw may reduce blood sugar levels and intensify the effects of diabetes medications.
  • Gallstones – Use of devil’s claw may increase the formation of bile and make problems worse for those with gallstones.
  • Stomach ulcers – Production of acid in the stomach can increase with the use of devil’s claw, which may aggravate peptic ulcers.
  • NSAIDs – Devil’s claw may slow the absorption of popular NSAIDs, such as Motrin, Celebrex, Feldene and Voltaren.
  • Blood thinners – Devil’s claw may enhance the effects of Coumadin (also known as warfarin), which may lead to increased bleeding and bruising.
  • Stomach acid reducers – Devil’s claw may decrease the effects of stomach acid reducers, such as Pepcid, Zantac, Prilosec, and Prevacid.

This is not an all-inclusive list of medication interactions. To be on the safe side, always discuss your use of supplements with your doctor.

References

Devil's claw

Angoor Health Benefits, Uses, Recipes

Angoor Health Benefits/Angoor is a fruit botanically a berry of the deciduous woody vines of the flowering plant genus Vitis. Grapes are known as ‘The Queen of Fruits’, and are categorized into three variants based on their color – red, green, and black/blue. This wonderful and flavorful fruit not only adds vibrancy and appeal to your food but is also very beneficial. Grapes contain immunity-boosting vitamin C, simple sugars that provide instant energy, and antioxidants that are anti-inflammatory. Grapes can be eaten fresh as table grapes or they can be used for making wine, jam, juice, jelly, grape seed extract, raisins, vinegar, and grape seed oil. Grapes are a non-climacteric type of fruit, generally occurring in clusters.

Types of GrapeFruit / Angoor

Grapefruit is a pummelo backcross, a hybrid of pummelo × sweet orange, with sweet orange itself being a pummelo × mandarin hybrid.

The grapefruit is a parent to many hybrids

A Tangelo is any hybrid of a tangerine and either a pomelo or a grapefruit

  • ‘Minneola’: Duncan grapefruit × Dancy tangerine
  • ‘Orlando’ (formerly ‘Take’): Bowen grapefruit × Dancy tangerine(pollen parent)
    • Fairchild is a Clementine × Orlando hybrid
  • ‘Seminole’: Bowen grapefruit × Dancy tangerine
  • ‘Thornton’: tangerine × grapefruit, unspecified
  • ‘Ugli’: mandarin × grapefruit, probable (wild seedling)
  • ‘Nova’ is a second-generation hybrid: Clementine × Orlando tangelo cross
  • The Oroblanco and Melogold grapefruits are hybrids between pummelo (Citrus maxima) and the grapefruit

The grapefruit’s cousins include:

  • Common sweet orange: pummelo × mandarin hybrid
  • Bitter orange: a different pummelo × mandarin hybrid
  • Mandelos: pummelo × mandarine (Citrus maxima)
  • Hyuganatsu may also be a pumelo hybrid

Nutritional Value of Angoor

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 288 kJ (69 kcal)
Carbohydrates
18.1 g
Sugars 15.48 g
Dietary fiber 0.9 g
Fat
0.16 g
Protein
0.72 g
Vitamins Quantity%DV
Thiamine (B1)
6%

0.069 mg

Riboflavin (B2)
6%

0.07 mg

Niacin (B3)
1%

0.188 mg

Pantothenic acid (B5)
1%

0.05 mg

Vitamin B6
7%

0.086 mg

Folate (B9)
1%

2 μg

Choline
1%

5.6 mg

Vitamin C
4%

3.2 mg

Vitamin E
1%

0.19 mg

Vitamin K
14%

14.6 μg

Minerals Quantity%DV
Calcium
1%

10 mg

Iron
3%

0.36 mg

Magnesium
2%

7 mg

Manganese
3%

0.071 mg

Phosphorus
3%

20 mg

Potassium
4%

191 mg

Sodium
0%

2 mg

Zinc
1%

0.07 mg

Other constituents Quantity
Fluoride 7.8 µg
Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Health Benefits of GrapeFruit / Angoor

  • Relieves a Migraine – Ripe grape juice is an age-old home remedy for a migraine. So, next time your head feels like splitting, consume a glass of fresh grape juice. This will relieve you of the torturous pain. Having the juice early in the morning without adding water or any type of sweetener will give the best results. The antioxidants present in grapes, like riboflavin, are believed to responsible for curing a bout of a migraine (13).
  • Treats Alzheimer’s Disease – Grapes are also helpful in enhancing the health of the brain and delaying the onset of neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s. So, consuming grapes regularly can protect you from brain disorders. The polyphenols present in grapes have been found to reduce cognitive decline associated with Alzheimer’s disease in mice, which can be replicated in humans (14).
  • Prevents Indigestion – Bloating and burning in the stomach can be cured by consuming a glass of grape juice. This can also prevent dyspepsia (15). Grapes reduce stomach heat, which helps in curing indigestion.
  • Fights Breast Cancer – A recent study says that purple colored concord grape juice helps in preventing breast cancer. So, if you want to protect yourself from this deadly disease, make sure that you have a glass of this delicious juice every day. Grapes have antimutagenic and antioxidant properties that are very effective in combating all kinds of cancer and prove to be rather effective against breast cancer (16).
  • Prevents Eye Degeneration – They say that our eyes are the mirror of our soul. So, we should take extra care of it, isn’t it? Start consuming grapes to protect this important sensory organ. Grapes are rich in lutein and zeaxanthin that are responsible for maintaining good eye health as we age (17).
  • Treats Diabetes – Do you love sugar but are scared of the danger (read diabetes) associated with it? Grapes can be an excellent option. They are sweet and extremely helpful in preventing diabetes. Pterostilbene is a compound present in grapes that helps to lower the sugar levels in the blood, hence preventing diabetes (18).
  • Lowers Cholesterol In Blood – Regular consumption of grapes can help in regulating the cholesterol levels in your blood. So, instead of mindlessly opting for products that claim to control cholesterol levels, try including grapes in your diet. The polyphenols found in grape juice, for example in Concord grape juice, help lower the bad cholesterol or Low-Density Lipoprotein (LDL) levels (19).
  • Heals Kidney Disorders – Grapes also help reduce instances of kidney diseases, including stones and other troubles associated with the organ. Grapes help to reduce the acidity of uric acid. They also eliminate the acid from the system, which results in the reduction of pressure on the kidneys (20).
  • Relieves As thma – The monsoons and autumn are the most difficult seasons for asthma patients, owing to heavy winds and airborne allergies. Grapes are considered to have a high therapeutic value for asthma. Try consuming them this season and see the difference for yourself. Grapes have a high assimilatory power that helps in increasing the level of moisture present in the lungs and soothing spasms (21).
  • Helps Fight Polio And Herpes – Grapes are also known to improve the chances of a speedy recovery from viral infections like polio and herpes. Children who consume grapes regularly have lesser chances of being inflicted by polio. Red grapes exhibit antiviral properties that protect you from various infections like the poliovirus and herpes simplex virus (22).
  • Relieves Constipation – Feeling all bloated and constipated because of the yummy spicy chicken you had last night? Have a fruit salad and include grapes for instant recovery. They are thought of as a laxative food as they are rich in sugar, organic acid, and cellulose. They relieve chronic constipation by toning up the stomach (23).
  • Weight loss Taking a specific product containing sweet orange, blood orange, and grapefruit extracts seems to decrease body weight and body fat in overweight people. Some research also shows that eating fresh grapefruit daily increases weight loss in overweight people.
  • Eczema (atopic dermatitis) – Early research shows that grapefruit seed extract can decrease constipation, gas, and stomach discomfort in people with eczema. This benefit may be due to the effect of grapefruit on intestinal bacteria.
  • High blood fats called triglycerides – Eating one grapefruit per day appears to reduce total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL or “bad”) cholesterol, and triglyceride levels in people with high triglyceride levels.
  • Lice – Early research shows that applying a shampoo containing grapefruit extract to the hair of children for 10-20 minutes kills lice. Applying the shampoo again 10 days later helps remove any remaining nits.
  • Depression
  • Digestive complaints in people with eczema
  • Hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis)
  • Infections
  • Muscle tiredness
  • Preventing cancer
  • Promoting hair growth
  • Psoriasis
  • Reducing acne and oily skin
  • Stress
  • Treating headaches
  • Toning the skin
  • Yeast infections (as a vaginal douche)

References

Angoor Health Benefits

Datura Stramonium; Uses/ Indications, Dosage, Side Effects

Datura stramonium (D. stramonium) is one of the widely well-known folklore medicinal herbs. The troublesome weed, D. stramonium is a plant with both poisonous and medicinal properties and has been proven to have great pharmacological potential with a great utility and usage in folklore medicine. D. stromonium has been scientifically proven to contain alkaloids, tannins, carbohydrates, and proteins. This plant has contributed various pharmacological actions in the scientific field of Indian systems of medicines like analgesic and antiasthmatic activities. The present paper presents an exclusive review work on the ethnomedical, phytochemical, pharmacological activities of this plant.[rx]

Datura stramonium is known by the English names jimsonweed (jimson weed) or devil’s snare, is a plant in the nightshade family. It is believed to have originated in Mexico,[rx] but has now become naturalized in many other regions.[rx][rx][rx] Other common names for D. stramonium include thornapple and moonflower,[rx] and it has the Spanish name toloache.[rx] Other names for the plant include hell’s bells, devil’s trumpet, devil’s weed, tolguacha, Jamestown weed, stinkweed, locoweed, pricklyburr, false castor oil plant,[rx] devil’s cucumber,[rx] and thornapple.[rx]

Uses/ Indications of Datura Stramonium

Traditional Medicine

  • In Ayurveda, datura has long been used for asthma symptoms. The active agent is atropine. The leaves are generally smoked either in a cigarette or a pipe. During the late 18th century, James Anderson, the English Physician General of the East India Company, learned of the practice and popularized it in Europe.[rx][rx]
  • The Zuni people once used datura as an analgesic to render patients unconscious while broken bones were set.[rx] The Chinese also used it as a form of anesthesia during surgery.[rx]
  • It is a very powerful remedy in various convulsive and spasmodic disorders, epilepsy and mania,” and was also “found to give ease in external inflammations and hemorrhoids.”[rx]

Antiasthmatic activity

  • D. stramonium in asthma treatment and possible effects on prenatal development was studied. Exposure of the fetus to D. stramonium when a mother uses it for asthma will cause a continuous release of acetylcholine, resulting in the desensitization of nicotinic receptors, this could ultimately result in permanent damage to the fetus. Therefore we conclude that this African herbal remedy should be used with caution during pregnancy.

Anticholinergic activity

  • The alkaloids found in D. stramonium, are organic esters used clinically as anticholinergic agents. Jimson weed has been reported as a drug of abuse and has been involved in the accidental poisoning of humans and animals.
  • Symptoms of acute jimson weed poisoning included dryness of the mouth and extreme thirst, dryness of the skin, pupil dilation and impaired vision, urinary retention, rapid heartbeat, confusion, restlessness, hallucinations, and loss of consciousness. The anticholinergic syndrome results from the inhibition of central and peripheral muscarinic neurotransmission.

Acaricidal, repellent and oviposition deterrent properties

  • The ethanol extracts obtained from both leaf and seed in D. stramonium (Solanaceae) were investigated for acaricidal, repellent and oviposition deterrent properties against adult two-spotted spider mites (T. urticaeKoch) (Acari: Tetranychidae) under laboratory conditions.
  • Leaf and seed extracts, which were applied in 167.25 and 145.75 g/L concentrations, respectively (using a Petri leaf disc-spray tower method), caused 98% and 25% mortality among spider mite adults after 48 h. These results suggest that D. stramonium extracts could be used to manage the two-spotted spider mite.

Antimicrobial Activity

  • The methanol extracts of D. stramonium and Datura inoxia showed activity against Gram-positive bacteria in a dose-dependent manner. Little or no antimicrobial activity was found against Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
  • The anti-microbial activity of combined crude ethanolic extract of D. stramoniumTerminalia arjuna and Withania somnifera in cup plate diffusion method for antibacterial and antifungal activity.
  • The extracts were subjected to screening to detect potential antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Micrococcus luteus and Candida albicans with comparing Ciprofloxacin standard drug.

Anticancer activity

  • An integrated approach is needed to manage cancer using the growing body of knowledge gained through scientific developments. Thousands of herbal and traditional compounds are being screened worldwide to validate their use as anti-cancerous drugs. D. stramonium is n therapeutic dose of 0.05-0.10 g was used to cure cancer. Likely unsafe produce vomiting, hypertension, loss of consciousness may lead to coma but may interact with anticholinergic drugs.

Antiinflammatory activity

  • Coriandrum sativum (C. sativum), D. stramonium and Azadirachta indica (A. indicia) are traditionally used in the treatment of inflammation. Ethanolic extracts of fruits of C. sativum, leaves of D. stramonium. Ethanolic extracts of fruits of C. sativum, leaves of D. stramonium and A. indica were subjected to preliminary screening for anti-inflammatory activity in albino rats.
  • All ethanolic extracts exhibited significant anti-inflammatory activity comparable to the standard drug diclofenac sodium against carrageenan-induced rat paw edema method. Among these plant, A. indica showed maximum anti-inflammatory activity per hour.

Larvicidal and mosquito repellent activities

  • Ethanolic extracts of leaves of D. stramonium were evaluated for larvicidal and mosquito repellent activities against Aedes aegypti, Anopheles stephensi and Culex quinquefasciatus. The LD50 values for larvicidal activity were found to be 86.25, 16.07 and 6.25 mg/L against Aedes aegypti
  • Anopheles Stephens and Culex quinquefasciatus respectively. The ethanolic leaves extract of D. stramonium provided complete protection time (mosquito repellency) of 2.7, 71.7 and 117.7 min against Aedes aegypti, Anopheles stephensi and Culex quinquefasciatus at higher concentration (1%).

 Pesticide toxicity

  • Extract of D. stramonium was effective in countering the toxicity of the cypermethrin pesticide toxicity.

Antifungal activity

  • Antifungal activity of a concoction brewed from D. stramonium, Calotropis gigantea, A. indica (neem) and cow manure (T1) followed by methanol-water (70/30 v/v) extracts of D. stramonium, Calotropis giganteaand A. indica T2 against Fusarium mangiferae.
  • The study proved that the concoction-brewed compost T1 is effective, inexpensive, easy to prepare and constitutes a sustainable and eco-friendly approach to control floral malformation in mango when it is sprayed at bud break stage and again at fruit set stage.

Vibriocidal activity

  • A simple in vitro screening assay was employed for the standard strain of Vibrio cholerae, 12 isolates of Vibrio cholerae non-O1, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Aqueous and organic solvent extracts of different parts of the plants were investigated by using the disk diffusion method.
  • Extracts from 16 medicinal plants were selected on account of the reported traditional uses for the treatment of cholera and gastrointestinal diseases, and they were assayed for vibriocidal activities. The results indicated that Lawsonia inermisSaraca indica, Syzygium cumini, Terminalia belerica, Allium sativum, and D. stramonium served as broad-spectrum vibriocidal agents.

Others

  • Aphasia.
  • Apoplexy.
  • Burns
  • Delirium tremens
  • Diaphragmitis
  • Epilepsy
  • Erotomania
  • Headache
  • Hiccough
  • Hydrophobia.
  • Hysteria.
  • Meningitis.
  • Nymphomania
  • Sunstroke
  • Tetanus
  • Thirst
  • Tremors

Dosage of Datura Stramonium

  • Adults- Take 4 or 6 Tablets by mouth, three times daily or as suggested by physician.
  • Children 2 years and older- take 1/2 the adult dose.

References

Datura stramonium

Pokeberry; Uses/ Indications, Dosage, Side Effects

Pokeberry/ Phytolacca is a genus of perennial plants native to North America, South America, and East Asia. Some members of the genus are known as pokeweeds or similar names such as pokebush, pokeberry, pokeroot or poke sallet.[rx][rx] Other names for species of Phytolacca include inkberry and ombú. The generic name is derived from the Greek word φυτόν (phyton), meaning “plant,” and the Latin word lacca, a red dye.[rx]Phytolaccatoxin and phytolaccigenin are present in many species which are poisonous to mammals if not cooked properly. However, the berries are eaten by birds, which are not affected by the toxin because the small seeds with very hard outer shells remain intact in the digestive system and are eliminated whole.

Materia Medica of Pokeberry

  • Mind – Irritable; holds everything in contempt. Full of desires, for what they know not.
  • Head – Bones of the skull feel crushed or bruised. Pain extends to teeth and root of the tongue.
  • Eyes – Inflamed, red. Pain through eyeballs. Profuse lachrymation. Cornea dim. Eyes tire from near vision. State of vision constantly changing. Spasm of accommodation from the irritable weakness of the ciliary muscle. Nausea from looking on moving objects.
  • Face – Blue rings around eyes. Periodical orbital neuralgia, with lachrymation, photophobia, and smarting eyelids.
  • Nose – Coryza, with stoppage of nose and nausea. Epistaxis.
  • Stomach – Tongue usually clean. Mouth, moist; much saliva. Constant nausea and vomiting, with pale, twitching of face. Vomits food, bile, blood, mucus. Stomach feels relaxed as if hanging down. Hiccough.
  • Abdomen – Amebic dysentery with tenesmus; while straining pain so great that it nauseates; little thirst. Cutting, clutching; worse, around the navel. Body rigid; stretched out stiff.
  • Stools – Pitch-like green as grass, like frothy molasses, with griping at the navel. Dysenteric, slimy.
  • Female – Uterine hæmorrhage, profuse, bright, gushing, with nausea. Vomiting during pregnancy. Pain from navel to the uterus. Menses too early and too profuse.
  • Respiratory – Dyspnœa; constant constriction in chest. Asthma. Yearly attacks of difficult shortness of breathing. Continued sneezing; coryza; a wheezing cough. A cough incessant and violent, with every breath. Chest seems full of phlegm but does not yield to coughing. Bubbling rales. A suffocative cough; the child becomes stiff, and blue in the face. Whooping-cough, with a nosebleed, and from the mouth. Bleeding from lungs, with nausea; feeling of constriction; rattling cough. Croup. Hæmoptysis from slightest exertion (Millef). Hoarseness, especially at end of a cold. Complete aphonia.
  • Fever – Intermittent fever, irregular cases, after Quinine. Slightest chill with much heat, nausea, vomiting, and dyspnœa. Relapses from improper diet.
  • Sleep – With eyes half open. Shocks in all limbs on going to sleep (Ign).
  • Extremities – Body stretched stiff, followed by spasmodic jerking of arms towards each other.
  • Skin – Pale, lax. Blue around eyes. Military rash.

Uses/ Indications of Pokeberry

  • Angina pectoris
  • Asthma
  • Bone, diseases, tumors
  • Constipation
  • Cough
  • Diarrhea
  • Dysentery
  • Glands enlarged Gleet, Glossitis, Gonorrhea.
  • Gout
  • Granular conjunctivitis
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Headache
  • Influenza
  • Laryngismus
  • Leucorrhoea
  • Lumbago
  • Neuralgia
  • Parotitis
  • Rheumatism
  • Syphilis
  • Toothache
  • Tumors
  • Ulcers
  • Warts.

Dosage of Pokeberry

  • Adults –  4 drops into a tsp. of water 3 times a day. Children: 1/2 dose. Repeat at greater intervals as condition subsides. Or as directed bya lic. practitioner.

Reference

Pokeberry

Fairy Candle Root; Uses/ Indications, Dosage, Side Effects

Fairy Candle Root/ Black snakeroot (Actaea racemosa or Cimicifuga racemosa) a member of the buttercup family, is a perennial plant which native to North America. Historical names for this plant include snakeroot, black bugbane, rattleweed, macrotys, and rheumatism weed. Black cohosh has a long history of use. Native Americans used it for its purported benefits in treating musculoskeletal pain, fever, cough, pneumonia, sluggish labor, and menstrual irregularities. European settlers were said to use black cohosh as a tonic to support female reproductive health.

Another name

  • Black cohosh
  • Black snakeroot
  • Cimicifuga racemosa rhizome
  • Cimicifuga racemosa root
  • Cimicifuga racemosa root with rhizome
  • Cimicifugae rhizoma
  • Fairy candle root
  • Rattleroot

Uses/ Indications of Fairy Candle Root

  • Menopausal symptoms – Research shows that taking some black cohosh products can reduce some symptoms of menopause. However, the benefits are only modest. Black cohosh might lessen the frequency of hot flashes. Most of this research is for a specific commercial black cohosh product, Remifemin. The benefits may not occur with all products that contain black cohosh. Research using black cohosh products other than Remifemin have not always shown benefits for menopausal symptoms. Some of these studies show that these other black cohosh products do not reduce hot flashes or menopausal symptoms any better than a sugar pill (“placebo”).
  • Treatment of menopausal symptoms and menstrual dysfunction – Some women take black cohosh for hot flashes related to breast cancer treatment. Women with breast cancer should not use black cohosh without talking to their cancer specialist or another health provider. Some early research suggested that black cohosh might reduce hot flashes in breast cancer patients, but more recent and higher quality research shows that black cohosh does not reduce hot flashes in women with breast cancer. Also, there is some question as to whether black cohosh is safe for women with breast cancer. It is important for a woman with breast cancer to discuss any use of black cohosh with her health provider before using it.
  • Breast cancer – One study suggests that taking black cohosh supplements is linked to a decreased risk of breast cancer. However, other research has found no link. One study found that taking black cohosh might increase survival in women already diagnosed with breast cancer.
  • Heart disease – Early research shows that taking 40 mg of a specific black cohosh extract (CR BNO 1055) daily does not lower the risk of heart disease in postmenopausal women.
  • Mental function – Early research suggests that taking 128 mg of black cohosh daily for 12 months does not improve memory or attention in postmenopausal women.
  • Infertility – Some early research suggests that taking black cohosh plus clomiphene citrate can increase pregnancy rates in infertile women compared to clomiphene citrate alone. Other research shows that taking black cohosh with clomiphene results in pregnancy rates that are similar to those found when clomiphene is taken with another fertility drug.
  • Induction of labor – Some people report that black cohosh can help start labor. As many as 45% of nurse-midwives use black cohosh to start labor in pregnant women at term. Despite its common use, there is no reliable scientific evidence that black cohosh works for this purpose.
  • Migraine headache – Early research shows that taking 50 mg of black cohosh plus soy isoflavones and dong quai daily for 24 weeks can reduce the occurrence of menstrual migraines.
  • Osteoarthritis – Early research suggests that taking a specific product containing black cohosh (Reumalex) twice daily for 2 months improves pain, but not joint function, in people with osteoarthritis.
  • Weak bones (Osteoporosis) – Evidence regarding the benefit of black cohosh for treating or preventing osteoporosis is unclear. Some early research shows that taking a specific black cohosh product (CR BNO 1055, Klimadynon/Menofem, Bionorica AG) daily for 12 weeks increases markers of bone formation in postmenopausal women. However, other research shows that taking the same black cohosh extract does not improve bone mineral density. It is not known if these black cohosh products can reduce the risk of bone fractures.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis – Early evidence suggests that taking a specific product containing black cohosh (Reumalex) twice daily for 2 months improves pain, but not joint function, in people with rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Painful menstrual periods with upper back pain
  • Acne
  • Anxiety
  • Bug Bites
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Mole removal
  • Painful menstruation
  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
  • Rheumatism
  • Snakebite
  • Sore throat
  • Wart removal

The Dosage of Fairy Candle Root

  • Adult and children 2 years of age and older: Dissolve 5 pellets under the tongue 3 times a day until relieved or as directed by a doctor.

References

Fairy Candle Root

Black Snakeroot; Uses/ Indications, Dosage, Side Effects

Black snakeroot (Actaea racemosa or Cimicifuga racemosa), a member of the buttercup family, is a perennial plant which native to North America. Historical names for this plant include snakeroot, black bugbane, rattleweed, macrotys, and rheumatism weed. Black cohosh has a long history of use. Native Americans used it for its purported benefits in treating musculoskeletal pain, fever, cough, pneumonia, sluggish labor, and menstrual irregularities. European settlers were said to use black cohosh as a tonic to support female reproductive health.

Another name

  • Black cohosh
  • Black snakeroot
  • Cimicifuga racemosa rhizome
  • Cimicifuga racemosa root
  • Cimicifuga racemosa root with rhizome
  • Cimicifugae rhizoma
  • Fairy candle root
  • Rattleroot

Uses/ Indications of Black Snakeroot

  • Menopausal symptoms – Research shows that taking some black cohosh products can reduce some symptoms of menopause. However, the benefits are only modest. Black cohosh might lessen the frequency of hot flashes. Most of this research is for a specific commercial black cohosh product, Remifemin. The benefits may not occur with all products that contain black cohosh. Research using black cohosh products other than Remifemin have not always shown benefits for menopausal symptoms. Some of these studies show that these other black cohosh products do not reduce hot flashes or menopausal symptoms any better than a sugar pill (“placebo”).
  • Treatment of menopausal symptoms and menstrual dysfunction – Some women take black cohosh for hot flashes related to breast cancer treatment. Women with breast cancer should not use black cohosh without talking to their cancer specialist or another health provider. Some early research suggested that black cohosh might reduce hot flashes in breast cancer patients, but more recent and higher quality research shows that black cohosh does not reduce hot flashes in women with breast cancer. Also, there is some question as to whether black cohosh is safe for women with breast cancer. It is important for a woman with breast cancer to discuss any use of black cohosh with her health provider before using it.
  • Breast cancer – One study suggests that taking black cohosh supplements is linked to a decreased risk of breast cancer. However, other research has found no link. One study found that taking black cohosh might increase survival in women already diagnosed with breast cancer.
  • Heart disease – Early research shows that taking 40 mg of a specific black cohosh extract (CR BNO 1055) daily does not lower the risk of heart disease in postmenopausal women.
  • Mental function – Early research suggests that taking 128 mg of black cohosh daily for 12 months does not improve memory or attention in postmenopausal women.
  • Infertility – Some early research suggests that taking black cohosh plus clomiphene citrate can increase pregnancy rates in infertile women compared to clomiphene citrate alone. Other research shows that taking black cohosh with clomiphene results in pregnancy rates that are similar to those found when clomiphene is taken with another fertility drug.
  • Induction of labor – Some people report that black cohosh can help start labor. As many as 45% of nurse-midwives use black cohosh to start labor in pregnant women at term. Despite its common use, there is no reliable scientific evidence that black cohosh works for this purpose.
  • Migraine headache – Early research shows that taking 50 mg of black cohosh plus soy isoflavones and dong quai daily for 24 weeks can reduce the occurrence of menstrual migraines.
  • Osteoarthritis – Early research suggests that taking a specific product containing black cohosh (Reumalex) twice daily for 2 months improves pain, but not joint function, in people with osteoarthritis.
  • Weak bones (Osteoporosis) – Evidence regarding the benefit of black cohosh for treating or preventing osteoporosis is unclear. Some early research shows that taking a specific black cohosh product (CR BNO 1055, Klimadynon/Menofem, Bionorica AG) daily for 12 weeks increases markers of bone formation in postmenopausal women. However, other research shows that taking the same black cohosh extract does not improve bone mineral density. It is not known if these black cohosh products can reduce the risk of bone fractures.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis – Early evidence suggests that taking a specific product containing black cohosh (Reumalex) twice daily for 2 months improves pain, but not joint function, in people with rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Painful menstrual periods with upper back pain
  • Acne
  • Anxiety
  • Bug Bites
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Mole removal
  • Painful menstruation
  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
  • Rheumatism
  • Snakebite
  • Sore throat
  • Wart removal

The Dosage of Black Snakeroot

  • Adult and children 2 years of age and older: Dissolve 5 pellets under the tongue 3 times a day until relieved or as directed by a doctor.

References

Black snakeroot

Black Cohosh; Uses/ Indications, Dosage, Side Effects

Black cohosh (Actaea racemosa or Cimicifuga racemosa), a member of the buttercup family, is a perennial plant which native to North America. Historical names for this plant include snakeroot, black bugbane, rattleweed, macrotys, and rheumatism weed. Black cohosh has a long history of use. Native Americans used it for its purported benefits in treating musculoskeletal pain, fever, cough, pneumonia, sluggish labor, and menstrual irregularities. European settlers were said to use black cohosh as a tonic to support female reproductive health

Another name

  • Black cohosh
  • Black snakeroot
  • Cimicifuga racemosa rhizome
  • Cimicifuga racemosa root
  • Cimicifuga racemosa root with rhizome
  • Cimicifugae rhizoma
  • Fairy candle root
  • Rattleroot

Uses/ Indications of Black Cohosh

  • Menopausal symptoms – Research shows that taking some black cohosh products can reduce some symptoms of menopause. However, the benefits are only modest. Black cohosh might lessen the frequency of hot flashes. Most of this research is for a specific commercial black cohosh product, Remifemin. The benefits may not occur with all products that contain black cohosh. Research using black cohosh products other than Remifemin have not always shown benefits for menopausal symptoms. Some of these studies show that these other black cohosh products do not reduce hot flashes or menopausal symptoms any better than a sugar pill (“placebo”).
  • Treatment of menopausal symptoms and menstrual dysfunction – Some women take black cohosh for hot flashes related to breast cancer treatment. Women with breast cancer should not use black cohosh without talking to their cancer specialist or another health provider. Some early research suggested that black cohosh might reduce hot flashes in breast cancer patients, but more recent and higher quality research shows that black cohosh does not reduce hot flashes in women with breast cancer. Also, there is some question as to whether black cohosh is safe for women with breast cancer. It is important for a woman with breast cancer to discuss any use of black cohosh with her health provider before using it.
  • Breast cancer – One study suggests that taking black cohosh supplements is linked to a decreased risk of breast cancer. However, other research has found no link. One study found that taking black cohosh might increase survival in women already diagnosed with breast cancer.
  • Heart disease – Early research shows that taking 40 mg of a specific black cohosh extract (CR BNO 1055) daily does not lower the risk of heart disease in postmenopausal women.
  • Mental function – Early research suggests that taking 128 mg of black cohosh daily for 12 months does not improve memory or attention in postmenopausal women.
  • Infertility – Some early research suggests that taking black cohosh plus clomiphene citrate can increase pregnancy rates in infertile women compared to clomiphene citrate alone. Other research shows that taking black cohosh with clomiphene results in pregnancy rates that are similar to those found when clomiphene is taken with another fertility drug.
  • Induction of labor – Some people report that black cohosh can help start labor. As many as 45% of nurse-midwives use black cohosh to start labor in pregnant women at term. Despite its common use, there is no reliable scientific evidence that black cohosh works for this purpose.
  • Migraine headache – Early research shows that taking 50 mg of black cohosh plus soy isoflavones and dong quai daily for 24 weeks can reduce the occurrence of menstrual migraines.
  • Osteoarthritis – Early research suggests that taking a specific product containing black cohosh (Reumalex) twice daily for 2 months improves pain, but not joint function, in people with osteoarthritis.
  • Weak bones (Osteoporosis) – Evidence regarding the benefit of black cohosh for treating or preventing osteoporosis is unclear. Some early research shows that taking a specific black cohosh product (CR BNO 1055, Klimadynon/Menofem, Bionorica AG) daily for 12 weeks increases markers of bone formation in postmenopausal women. However, other research shows that taking the same black cohosh extract does not improve bone mineral density. It is not known if these black cohosh products can reduce the risk of bone fractures.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis – Early evidence suggests that taking a specific product containing black cohosh (Reumalex) twice daily for 2 months improves pain, but not joint function, in people with rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Painful menstrual periods with upper back pain
  • Acne
  • Anxiety
  • Bug Bites
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Mole removal
  • Painful menstruation
  • Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
  • Rheumatism
  • Snakebite
  • Sore throat
  • Wart removal

The Dosage of Black cohosh Uses

  • Adult and children 2 years of age and older: Dissolve 5 pellets under the tongue 3 times a day until relieved or as directed by a doctor.

References

Black cohosh uses

Translate »