List of Musculoskeletal Disorders; Treatment

List of Musculoskeletal Disorders; Treatment

List of Musculoskeletal Disorders(MSDs) is injuries or pain in the human musculoskeletal system, including the joints, ligaments, muscles, nerves, tendons, and structures that support limbs, neck, and back. MSDs can arise from a sudden exertion (e.g., lifting a heavy object), or they can arise from making the same motions repeatedly repetitive strain, or from repeated exposure to force vibration, or awkward posture. Injuries and pain in the musculoskeletal system caused by acute traumatic events like a car accident or fall are not considered musculoskeletal disorders. MSDs can affect many different parts of the body including upper and lower back, neck, shoulders, and extremities (arms, legs, feet, and hands). Examples of MSDs include carpal tunnel syndrome, epicondylitis, tendinitis, back pain, tension neck syndrome, and hand-arm vibration syndrome.

Musculoskeletal system diseases our joint tissues become less resilient to wear and tear and start to degenerate manifesting as swelling, pain, and oftentimes, loss of mobility of joints. Changes occur in both joint soft tissues and the opposing bones, a condition called osteoarthritis. A more serious form

Disorders of Muscle

  • Inflammatory myopathies
  • Polymyositis
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Inclusion body myopathy
  • Myotonia Congenita
  • Muscular dystrophies:
  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
  • Becker muscular dystrophy
  • Facioscapulohumeral dystrophy
  • Limb girdle muscular dystrophy
  • Centronuclear myopathy
  • Myotonic dystrophy
  • Mitochondrial myopathies

Disorders of the neuromuscular junction

  • Myasthenia Gravis
  • Lambert–Eaton myasthenic syndrome
  • Botulism poisoning
  • Organophosphate poisoning
  • Hypermagnesemia
  • Hypocalcemia

Disorders of Nerves

  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Ulnar neuropathy at the elbow
  • Radial nerve palsy (Saturday night palsy)
  • Peroneal (fibular) nerve palsy
  • Diabetic neuropathy
  • Alcohol related neuropathy
  • Nutritional neuropathy
  • Amyloid neuropathy
  • AIDP
  • CIDP
  • Bell’s palsy
  • Laryngeal neuropathy
  • Pudendal neuropathy
  • Femoral neuropathy
  • Sciatic Neuropathy
  • Tibial neuropathy
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Charcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome
  • Zoster neuropathy
  • Oculomotor, Facial, vagal, trigeminal, glossopharyngeal, spinal accessory neuropathies
  • Hemifacial spasm
  • Multifocal motor neuropathy
  • Axillary neuropathy
  • Long thoracic neuropathy
  • Suprascapular neuropathy
  • Toxic neuropathies
  • Drug-induced neuropathies
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Plexus disorders

  • Neuralgic Amyotrophy (idiopathic brachial plexitis)
  • Traumatic brachial plexopathy
  • Lumbosacral radiculopathy
  • Hirayama disease

Root disorders

  • Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral radiculopathy
  • Spinal stenosis
  • Arachnoiditis
  • Leptomeningeal disorders

Motor neuron disease

  • Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  • West Nile virus
  • Poliomyelitis
  • Kennedy’s syndrome (Spinobulbar muscular atrophy).

Musculoskeletal Diseases

  • Absence of tibia with polydactyly
  • Absent patella
  • Acheiropody
  • Achondrogenesis type 1A
  • Achondrogenesis type 1B
  • Achondrogenesis type 2
  • Achondroplasia
  • Acro-pectoro-renal field defect
  • Acrocallosal syndrome, Schinzel type
  • Acrocapitofemoral dysplasia
  • Acrocephalopolydactylous dysplasia
  • Acrodysostosis
  • Acrodysplasia scoliosis
  • Acrofrontofacionasal dysostosis syndrome
  • Acromelic frontonasal dysostosis
  • Acromesomelic dysplasia
  • Acromesomelic dysplasia Hunter Thompson type
  • Acromesomelic dysplasia Maroteaux type
  • Acromicric dysplasia
  • Acroosteolysis dominant type
  • Acropectoral syndrome
  • Acropectorovertebral dysplasia F form
  • Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis
  • Adactylia unilateral
  • Adams-Oliver syndrome
  • Adenosine Deaminase 2 deficiency
  • Anauxetic dysplasia
  • Angel shaped phalangoepiphyseal dysplasia
  • Ankylosing spondylitis – Not a rare disease
  • Ankylosing vertebral hyperostosis with tylosis
  • Anonychia-onychodystrophy with hypoplasia or absence of distal phalanges
  • Autosomal dominant spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda
  • Autosomal recessive early-onset inflammatory bowel disease
  • Autosomal recessive protein C deficiency
  • Benallegue Lacete syndrome
  • Bethlem myopathy
  • Beukes familial hip dysplasia
  • Blau syndrome
  • Brachycephalofrontonasal dysplasia
  • Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency
  • Dyggve-Melchior-Clausen syndrome
  • Erdheim-Chester disease
  • Familial tumoral calcinosis
  • Fanconi anemia
  • Feingold syndrome
  • Felty’s syndrome
  • Femoral facial syndrome
  • Femur bifid with monodactylous ectrodactyly
  • Femur fibula ulna syndrome
  • Fetal thalidomide syndrome
  • Fibrochondrogenesis
  • Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva
  • Freiberg’s disease
  • Frontofacionasal dysplasia
  • Frontometaphyseal dysplasia
  • Frontonasal dysplasia
  • Fryns Hofkens Fabry syndrome
  • Fucosidosis
  • Geleophysic dwarfism
  • Genitopatellar syndrome
  • Goldenhar disease
  • Goodman syndrome
  • Gorham’s disease
  • Gracile bone dysplasia
  • Grant syndrome
  • Hypophosphatemic rickets
  • Johnson Munson syndrome
  • Juvenile dermatomyositis
  • Juvenile osteoporosis
  • Juvenile Paget disease
  • Kniest like dysplasia lethal
  • Kohler disease
  • Kyphomelic dysplasia
  • Lacrimo-auriculo-dento-digital syndrome
  • Lenz Majewski hyperostotic dwarfism
  • Macrophagic myofasciitis
  • Median cleft of upper lip with polyps of facial skin and nasal mucosa
  • Meier-Gorlin syndrome
  • Melnick-Needles syndrome
  • Melorheostosis
  • Melorheostosis with osteopoikilosis
  • Mental retardation skeletal dysplasia abducens palsy
  • Mesomelia-synostoses syndrome
  • Mesomelic dwarfism cleft palate camptodactyly
  • Microsomia hemifacial radial defects
  • Miller syndrome
  • Minicore myopathy with external ophthalmoplegia
  • Monomelic amyotrophy
  • Muckle-Wells syndrome
  • Muenke Syndrome
  • Multicentric carpotarsal osteolysis syndrome
  • Multicentric osteolysis nephropathy
  • Multiple epiphyseal dysplasia
  • Multiple sulfatase deficiency
  • Myostatin-related muscle hypertrophy
  • Myotonic dystrophy
  • Myotonic dystrophy type 2
  • Nager acrofacial dysostosis
  • Nail-patella syndrome
  • Ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine – Not a rare disease
  • Osteoarthropathy of fingers familial
  • Osteochondritis dissecans
  • Osteodysplasia familial Anderson type Osteopoikilosis and dacryocystitis
  • Osteoporosis oculocutaneous hypopigmentation syndrome
  • Osteoporosis-pseudoglioma syndrome
  • Osteosarcoma
  • Pachydermoperiostosis
  • Parastremmatic dwarfism
  • Phocomelia ectrodactyly deafness sinus arrhythmia
  • Pleoconial myopathy with salt craving
  • Poland syndrome
  • Polycystic bone disease
  • Proteus syndrome
  • Proximal symphalangism
  • Pseudoachondroplasia
  • Psoriatic juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • Pyogenic arthritis, pyoderma gangrenosum and acne
  • Raine syndrome
  • Reactive arthritis
  • Richieri Costa Da Silva syndrome
  • Rigid spine syndrome
  • Roberts syndrome
  • Saethre-Chotzen syndrome
  • Shprintzen-Goldberg craniosynostosis syndrome
  • Shwachman-Diamond syndrome
  • Sickle beta thalassemia
  • Sickle cell anemia
  • Spheroid body myopathy
  • Spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia, Aggrecan type
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia Maroteaux type
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda X-linked
  • Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia-brachydactyly and distinctive speech
  • Spondylometaepiphyseal dysplasia short limb-hand type
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia Algerian type
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia corner fracture type
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia Sedaghatian type
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia type A4
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia with cone-rod dystrophy
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia with dentinogenesis imperfecta
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia X-linked
  • Spondylometaphyseal dysplasia, Kozlowski type
  • Spondyloperipheral dysplasia
  • Spondylothoracic dysostosis
  • Sprengel deformity
  • Stiff person syndrome
  • Stuve-Wiedemann syndrome
  • Summitt syndrome
  • Symphalangism with multiple anomalies of hands and feet
  • Syndactyly Cenani Lenz type
  • Syndactyly-polydactyly-earlobe syndrome
  • Syngnathia multiple anomalies
  • Synovial Chondromatosis
  • Systemic onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • TARP syndrome
  • Tarsal carpal coalition syndrome
  • Tarsal tunnel syndrome
  • Tetra-amelia syndrome
  • Tetraamelia multiple malformations X-linked
  • Tetramelic monodactyly
  • Thanatophoric dysplasia type 1
  • Thanatophoric dysplasia type 2
  • Thoracic dysplasia hydrocephalus syndrome
  • Thoracolaryngopelvic dysplasia
  • Thoracomelic dysplasia
  • Tibia absent polydactyly arachnoid cyst
  • Townes-Brocks syndrome
  • Treacher Collins syndrome\
  • Tricho-dento-osseous syndrome
  • Trichohepatoenteric syndrome
  • syndrome type 1
  • Trichorhinophalangeal syndrome type 2
  • Trichorhinophalangeal syndrome type 3
  • Trigonobrachycephaly, bulbous bifid nose, micrognathia, and abnormalities of the hands and feet
  • Triphalangeal thumbs brachyectrodactyly
  • Trochlea of the humerus aplasia of
  • Trochlear dysplasia
  • Troyer syndrome
  • Tubular aggregate myopathy
  • Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome
  • Ulna and fibula, hypoplasia of
  • Ulna hypoplasia-intellectual disability syndrome
  • Ulna metaphyseal dysplasia syndrome
  • Ulnar hypoplasia lobster claw deformity of feet
  • Ulnar-mammary syndrome
  • Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma
  • Upington disease
  • Verloes Bourguignon syndrome
  • Viljoen Kallis Voges syndrome
  • Warman Mulliken Hayward syndrome
  • Weaver syndrome
  • Weill-Marchesani syndrome
  • Weissenbacher-Zweymuller syndrome
  • Weyers acrofacial dysostosis
  • Wildervanck syndrome
  • Wrinkly skin syndrome
  • X-linked dominant scapuloperoneal myopathy
  • X-linked hypophosphatemia
  • X-linked intellectual disability-plagiocephaly syndrome
  • Yunis-Varon syndrome
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