Lercanidipine; Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Interactions

Lercanidipine; Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, Interactions

Lercanidipine is an antihypertensive (blood pressure lowering) drug. It belongs to the dihydropyridine class of calcium channel blockers, which work by relaxing and opening the blood vessels allowing the blood to circulate more freely around the body. This lowers the blood pressure and allows the heart to work more efficiently.

Lacidipine is a lipophilic dihydropyridine calcium antagonist with an intrinsically slow onset of activity. Due to its long duration of action, lacidipine does not lead to reflex tachycardia. It displays specificity in the vascular smooth muscle, where it acts as an antihypertensive agent to dilate peripheral arterioles and reduce blood pressure. Compared to other dihydropyridine calcium antagonists, lacidipine exhibits a greater antioxidant activity which may confer potentially beneficial antiatherosclerotic effects. Lacidipine is a highly lipophilic molecule that interacts with the biological membranes. Through radiotracer analysis, it was determined that lacidipine displays a high membrane partition coefficient leading to accumulation of the drug in the membrane and slow rate of membrane washout.

Mechanism of Action of Lercanidipine

By deforming the channel, inhibiting ion-control gating mechanisms, and/or interfering with the release of calcium from the sarcoplasmic reticulum, Lercanidipine inhibits the influx of extracellular calcium across the myocardial and vascular smooth muscle cell membranes The decrease in intracellular calcium inhibits the contractile processes of the myocardial smooth muscle cells, causing dilation of the coronary and systemic arteries, increased oxygen delivery to the myocardial tissue, decreased total peripheral resistance, decreased systemic blood pressure, and decreased afterload.

Indications of Lercanidipine

Contra-Indications of Lercanidipine

  • The acute syndrome of the heart
  • Severe narrowing of the aortic heart valve
  • Severe heart failure
  • Abnormally low blood pressure
  • Kidney disease with a reduction in kidney function
  • Fluid Retention in the Legs, arms or hands
  • Blood Circulation Failure due to Serious Heart Condition
  • Chronic idiopathic constipation
  • Stomach or intestine blockage
  • Narrowing of the intestines
  • Decreased motility function of stomach or intestines
  • Heart attack
  • Allergies to Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Calcium Channel Blocking Agents-Dihydropyridines
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Dosage of Lercanidipine

Strengths: 10 mg, 20 mg

Hypertension

  • 10 mg once daily, increased after 2 wk to 20 mg daily if necessary.

Side Effects of Lercanidipine

The most common 

More common

Rare

Drug Interactions of Lercanidipine

Lercanidipine  may interact with following drugs, supplements, & may change the efficacy of drug

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Pregnancy Category of Lercanidipine

FDA Pregnancy Category C

Pregnancy

This medication should not be taken by women who are or may become pregnant, as lercanidipine may cause harm to the developing baby if it is taken by the mother during pregnancy. If you become pregnant while taking this medication, contact your doctor immediately.

Lactation

This medication should not be taken by women who are breastfeeding. The safety and effectiveness of using this medication have not been established for children.

References

  1. Lercanidipine

 

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